Family Law - Domestic Violence
If you have been the victim of a violent incident or abuse at the
hands of a family member, current or ex-spouse, current or ex-boyfriend/girlfriend
or partner, there are several legal actions you may take to prevent
it from happening again.
Anyone can call the Grass Valley Police (477-4600) or Nevada County
Sheriff (265-1172) and ask them to be present for a limited time
to keep the peace. This is most helpful when a person needs to collect
clothing or property from their home after a domestic violence incident
Emergency Protective Order
If you ever need immediate help to avoid physical harm from an abuser,
you should call 911. A police officer or sheriff responding to a
domestic violence incident can call a judge (anytime, day or night)
and ask for an emergency protective order that goes into effect
immediately. An emergency protective order lasts for up to seven
days. The emergency protective order can make the abusive person
leave the home and keep that person away from you and your children,
for up to seven days.
Since you need a police officer's assistance to get an emergency
protective order, it is important to describe to him or her the
abuser's actions and why you are afraid.
If you want protection for a longer period of time, you need a Restraining
A person who has suffered abuse Under the Domestic Violence Prevention
Act may seek a restraining order. Abuse is defined as:
- Intentionally or recklessly causing or attempting to cause
- Sexual assault.
- Placing a person in reasonable apprehension of imminent serious
bodily injury to that person or to another.
- Engaging in any behavior that has been or could be enjoined
such as molesting, attacking, striking, stalking, threatening,
battering, harassing, telephoning, destroying personal property,
contacting the other by mail or otherwise, disturbing the peace
of the other party.
If you are the victim of any of these acts, you may request the
Courts to issue a restraining order to prevent the recurrence of
acts of abuse by a batterer. The act(s) must be recent, within thirty
days, and the batterer must be a spouse/ex-spouse, boyfriend/ girlfriend,
ex-boyfriend/ex-girlfriend, someone with whom the victim has or
has had a dating relationship, an immediate family member (mother,
father, in-laws, siblings, adult children), or a person with whom
a party has a children together. Any other victim of these acts
with another relationship to the batterer may file a civil harassment
- Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault Coalition
- Tahoe Women's Services
Truckee: 530 582-9117
Kings Beach: 530 547-7804
A person who has suffered harassment may seek a civil harassment
protective order. Harassment is defined as:
- Unlawful violence.
- A credible threat of violence or
- A knowing and willful course of conduct directed at a specific
person that seriously alarms, annoys, or harasses the person and
that serves no legitimate purpose.
Pursuant to California Code of Civil Procedure § 527.6(b),
the course of conduct must be such as would cause a reasonable person
to suffer substantial emotional distress and must actually cause
substantial emotional distress to the victim. The restraining order
can include restraints on personal conduct by the batterer, order
the batterer to stay away from the victim's home/work and/or children's
school, and other miscellaneous orders. There is no requirement
that there be a relationship between the victim and a batterer in
order to obtain the protective order. There must, however, be recent
acts of harassment.
Domestic Violence Resources http://www.dhs.ca.gov/epic/html/nevada.htm